In Safari, tourists can provide comparable wildlife observation data with traditional survey methods, research suggests that the present biology magazine appeared on July 22.
Five predators (lions, leopards, leopards, spotted hyenas and wild dogs) in northern Botswana, which use tourist photographic data for this purpose Is one of the first studies.
Under the leadership of writer Kasim Rafiq (@ Qasim 21), this idea was abandoned after an hour with his career in Land Rover.
Rafiq, then PhD, was a candidate at the University of Liverpool, John Moores University, who was following the trails of a one-eyed tiger called Pawarotti, which he had been looking for for months.
“I finally came out of the hole and talked with the Safari guide, which I had met on the road nearby and they were laughing,” says Rafiq, who started the Fulbright scholarship to expand the project at Santa Cruz University.
were supposed. “He told me that he saw Pawarotti in the morning,” he said. At that point, I really began to appreciate the information that guides and tourists gathered and how they lost.
Traditionally, animal population surveys in Africa have been conducted using one of three methods: camera trap, track survey and telephone station.
Each has its own advantages and disadvantages. For example, camera traps are especially useful for understanding the diversity and density of species in one area, but there is also a huge introduction cost without guaranteed default age.
“For one of my other projects, I had an elephant that destroyed the camera’s nets, and then the cubs’ lion ran away with the camera,” says Rafik. “When I collected it, there were holes in it.”
To check whether tourist images can be used in wildlife surveys, researchers presented small GPS tracking devices to tourists who were originally designed to track pet cats. These researchers have allowed site researchers to mark wildlife photos.
After this, the images were filtered by not only the species identified, but also for the best predators, by individual animals, and then analyzed using computer modeling to estimate the density.
Rafiq and his team were presented manually with animals through their color patterns or in the case of blacks through the positions below them.
Tourism imaging methodology was implemented with camera survey, tracks and telephone stations to compare the estimated wildlife density from each of them and the cost of obtaining this information.
“The results show that for some species and within wildlife tours, tourists can achieve the same goals as conventional survey approaches, but at a very low cost, compared to some of these other methods.”
For example, the method of tourism photography was the only way of identifying leopards in the study area and estimates the density of many other carnivorous species which were similar to those found in other ways. Most of the tourist photography was due to manual processing of images.
These are tasks that can outsource artificial intelligence to reduce the cost of the survey in the future.
And perhaps by partnering with tour operators, we have the constant and fast collection of wildlife collection in high-value tourism areas. There will be a real opportunity to evaluate. ” He says.
This method of examining the number of animals applies when attractive animals are studied, which usually take care of tourists, and in areas where the tourism program is present.
“There is no silver bullet that will be useful in every situation,” said Rafiq. “Instead, as environmental advocates and researchers, we have a series of different techniques that we can review on the basis of our project’s needs and needs.”
This study connects the growing body of evidence that civil science is a powerful conservation device.
Only to help the community monitor the high-value charismatic animals, but it also has the ability to shape in order to actively participate in conservation efforts. ”
Wilderness Wildlife Fund, Exploser Club, Columbus Zoo, National Geographic and Liverpool University, John Moores. The book declares any conflict of interest.