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Tourist photos is a cheap and effective way to clean wildlife

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Tourist photos is a cheap and effective way to clean wildlife

In Safari, tourists can provide comparable wildlife observation data with traditional survey methods, research suggests that the present biology magazine appeared on July 22.

Five predators (lions, leopards, leopards, spotted hyenas and wild dogs) in northern Botswana, which use tourist photographic data for this purpose Is one of the first studies.

Under the leadership of writer Kasim Rafiq (@ Qasim 21), this idea was abandoned after an hour with his career in Land Rover.

Rafiq, then PhD, was a candidate at the University of Liverpool, John Moores University, who was following the trails of a one-eyed tiger called Pawarotti, which he had been looking for for months.

“I finally came out of the hole and talked with the Safari guide, which I had met on the road nearby and they were laughing,” says Rafiq, who started the Fulbright scholarship to expand the project at Santa Cruz University.

were supposed. “He told me that he saw Pawarotti in the morning,” he said. At that point, I really began to appreciate the information that guides and tourists gathered and how they lost.

Traditionally, animal population surveys in Africa have been conducted using one of three methods: camera trap, track survey and telephone station.

Each has its own advantages and disadvantages. For example, camera traps are especially useful for understanding the diversity and density of species in one area, but there is also a huge introduction cost without guaranteed default age.

“For one of my other projects, I had an elephant that destroyed the camera’s nets, and then the cubs’ lion ran away with the camera,” says Rafik. “When I collected it, there were holes in it.”

To check whether tourist images can be used in wildlife surveys, researchers presented small GPS tracking devices to tourists who were originally designed to track pet cats. These researchers have allowed site researchers to mark wildlife photos.

After this, the images were filtered by not only the species identified, but also for the best predators, by individual animals, and then analyzed using computer modeling to estimate the density.

Rafiq and his team were presented manually with animals through their color patterns or in the case of blacks through the positions below them.

Tourism imaging methodology was implemented with camera survey, tracks and telephone stations to compare the estimated wildlife density from each of them and the cost of obtaining this information.

“The results show that for some species and within wildlife tours, tourists can achieve the same goals as conventional survey approaches, but at a very low cost, compared to some of these other methods.”

For example, the method of tourism photography was the only way of identifying leopards in the study area and estimates the density of many other carnivorous species which were similar to those found in other ways. Most of the tourist photography was due to manual processing of images.

These are tasks that can outsource artificial intelligence to reduce the cost of the survey in the future.

And perhaps by partnering with tour operators, we have the constant and fast collection of wildlife collection in high-value tourism areas. There will be a real opportunity to evaluate. ” He says.

This method of examining the number of animals applies when attractive animals are studied, which usually take care of tourists, and in areas where the tourism program is present.

“There is no silver bullet that will be useful in every situation,” said Rafiq. “Instead, as environmental advocates and researchers, we have a series of different techniques that we can review on the basis of our project’s needs and needs.”

This study connects the growing body of evidence that civil science is a powerful conservation device.

Only to help the community monitor the high-value charismatic animals, but it also has the ability to shape in order to actively participate in conservation efforts. ”

Wilderness Wildlife Fund, Exploser Club, Columbus Zoo, National Geographic and Liverpool University, John Moores. The book declares any conflict of interest.

Parasitic plants use stolen genes to make them better parasites

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Parasitic plants use stolen genes to make them better parasites

Some parasitic plants steal genetic material from their host plants and use the stolen genes to achieve the host’s nutrients more effectively.

A new study of researchers from Pennsylvania and Virginia Tech has shown that parasite plant soup has stolen large amounts of genetic material from its host, including more than 100 functional genes.

These stolen genes contribute to the ability of the protagonist to catch nutrients and steal from the host and even send genetic weapons to the host. The new study appears in the Nature Plants Journal on July 22, 2019.

A key method in which bacteria can achieve antibiotic resistance,” said Claude-de Bemphels, professor of biology at Ben-State University.

The author of the study. “We do not see many examples of horizontal gene transmission in complex organisms like plants, and when we see that genetically-transmitted material is not commonly used.”

In this study, we present the most dramatic case known as functional transverse genes found in complex organisms. ”

Parasitic plants such as live feed can not do electricity on their own by producing electricity through photosynthesis.

Instead, they use structures named Hastoria to take advantage of a host plant supply of water and nutrients. Dodder wrapped around its host plant, grows in its vascular tissue, and often feeds on several plants at once.

The importance of many different species, wild plants, as well as agriculture and horticulture, can be infiltrated.

“Parasitic plants live very closely with their hosts, and nutrients are extracted,” said Dipelis. “But they also receive genetic material in the process, and sometimes they include it in their genome.”

Previous studies have focused on single genes, and here we have used the genomic data set on gene expression to determine that large amounts of genetic material get more and more. It is actually used during horizontal gene transfer. ”

The team identified 108 genes that were added by the horizontal gene transfer to the ogg genome, and now it is effective in parasites, which contributes to the historia structure, protective reactions and amino acids metabolism.

Even small pieces of a stolen gene RNA are known as minute RNA, which are sent back to the host plants, which act as weapons that can play a role in cooling the host defense genes. Are.

The team used strict criteria to determine whether the stolen genetic material is likely to be functional: the gene should be full-length, and should include all the necessary parts of the gene, and copied it to the RNA sequence Should be used which later creates proteins, expressed in related structures.

The team explored the development of these transmitted genes as additional support for the work.

“We compare the genes related to the proximity of the genetic sequence of genes, and we look for a special signature how this sequence develops to see if it is likely to be functional,” DeBalis said.

“Some types of mutations in the genes do not affect the protein that is the symbol of the genes and therefore does not affect the functioning of the genes.”

When we see these mutations in large amounts, unlike mutations that change or interrupt the genes, this is a strong proof – the natural selection task. Keep the protein healthy and useful. ”

Of the 108 genes, eighteen appear in all types of frames, suggesting that these genes were originally stolen in the ancestral form of the clouds and were preserved in the modern species.

“This is the first time when any study has seen evidence that the horizontal gene transfer took place early in the development of the parasitic group,” said De Palmil.

“In this case, 18 of these genes were present in the common ancestor of all living omeids, who may have contributed to the successful propagation of these parasites.”

The team identified 42 areas in the feed genome that appear as a result of horizontal gene transfer but there is no functional gene.

“Because this huge amount of genetic material has passed the transfer of horizontal genes, we suspect that parasitic plants can not come out, which comes,” DeBalis said. “But natural selection helps to maintain beneficial gene and filter less useful parts.”

Researchers are currently studying how genetic material is transferred from host to parasite. They also want to find out whether this transfer is the one-way route, or if the host can obtain genetic material from a parasite.

“We would like to know how far the universal horizontal genes are moving,” said DeBalis.

“We saw only one type of frame, which is one of more than 4,000 species of parasitic plants … Is horizontal transfer of functional genotypes only in other species?

Cornell celebrates the golden anniversary of Apollo 11

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Cornell celebrates the golden anniversary of Apollo 11

Cornell will celebrate the 50th anniversary of Apollo’s 11-day afternoon lecture and the future of discovering planets and outer planets, a lecture by author Andrew Chucken, a presentation by Eulus Quetet and a presentation in the Crotch Library.

July 20 – The actual anniversary of the space travelers Neil Armstrong and Buzz Aldrin, coming from the Eagle spacecraft on the Moon – the afternoon program “Moon to Mars and beyond” will begin at 2 pm. In the lobby hall, Kennedy Hall.

The program begins with the title of “Apollo 11 Plus 50: Context, Personal Memories and Why It Has Been Successful” on the visit of scientist Peter Thomas, and then “Exploring.

It will provide historical context for the exploration of the Moon and the human landscape and the implications of future efforts.

The afternoon committee will discuss the long-term future of robots and human space exploration, which will begin at 3:20 pm, and will include members of the Cornell Institute Carl Sagan:

Jonathan Lunen, Professor David C. in Physics Head of Duncan and Astronomy;
Nicole Lewis, Assistant Professor of Astronomy and Deputy Director of Sagan Institute;
Mason Beck, professor of mechanical and space engineering, and former chief NASA technologist.

Beck said, “Apollo is an idea in our culture that space is our property.” Now, finally, the descendants of Apollo are investigating the space again, turning it back, democratizing the reach and making the space our permanent home.

Beck said, “In the startups of Planet Labs from SpaceX, students are launching their own space shuttle,” said Beck, “all thanks to Apollo mission” which came safely to all mankind. ”

Event sponsors include the Department of Astronomy in the Faculty of Arts and Sciences, the Cornell Center for Astrophysics and Planetary Science, the Sybil School of Mechanical and Space Engineering, the Carl Sagan Institute and the Cornell Space Research Facility.

In the week, “From Moon to Mars and beyond Beyond”, Cornell School of Continuing Education and Summer Sessions present the following offers:

July 16 – “Misterium”, Apollo 11, a concert for Quartet Eolas Quartet in a program celebrated at 7 p.m. In the Sage Chapel.

The quartet includes violinist Nicolas Tavani and Rachel Shapiro, violinist Kittelin Lynch and Selstar Alan Richardson, who met as graduate students at Gullard School.

They will play Oswaldo Guligov’s “Tenebra” song inspired by Voyager 1’s famous “Pell Blue Dot” In addition, the Misteria Quartet will play the role of modern musician Alexandra Bryant, and the group will end with the Beethoven Quartet Series 14, Op. 131.

July 17 – “Apollo plus 50: Why Moon Landing Is Important”, Andrew Chekin’s lecture, “Man on the Moon: Apollo Travels”, at 7 o’clock, Call Calculator, Kennedy Hall.

Shacken will review the interview with Apollo 11 astronaut Neil Armstrong, Booz Aldrin and Mike Collins.

July 19 – Arthur B. And the Planetary Mix is ​​the classic R & B voice, which is called “Hein’eli Grooves to Celebrate Life to the Cornell Arts Quad” at 7.00 in the evening. (Rain Location: Rhodes Rollings Hall, Clareman Hall.)

In addition to music and lectures, rare collections of the Crush Library and the manuscripts section offers Apollo 11 presentation this summer.

Laptop late Ernst Stern Glass ’44, M.S. 51, Ph.D. ’53, whose research led to the amplification of electrons, making the place of a sensitive television camera tube inside the camcorder.

It allowed millions of people to see live images of Apollo 11 astronauts who walked on the moon on July 20, 1969.

Assistant Professor of Astronomy and Deputy Director of the Sagan Institute, Nicole Lewis said that 50 years ago, the descendants of the Moon did not make those who considered human beings possible.

“This was the first time people had established a planet other than the planet, and it could be some historic,” she said.

“It certainly inspired the generations to go beyond the earth and think about the discovery of the world in our solar system, and beyond.”

Rare collections of the Croke Library and the Apollo 11 exhibition in the manuscript section include summers in summer.

Especially, note that Ernst Stern Glass is a graduate of Cornell University who conducted a study on electron amplification, which helped the estimated 650 million people see the vibrant images of Armstrong and Aldrin on the moon on July 20, 1969.

Cornell East Asia series partner with Cornell University Press

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Cornell East Asia series partner with Cornell University Press

The scientific publication of the East Asian program, East Asian Cornell Series (CEAS), has joined the Cornell University Press as a new impression.

Pedro Arber, director of the East Asia Program and Romance Studies at the School of Arts and Sciences, said that effective participation from July 1 will increase the subsidy in East Asian series

Founded in 1973, the East Asia Program has been a scholarship scholarship for international and famous journalism and has been honored by many writers around the world.

In this title CEAS “Stateless Persons: Chinese Literature of Martial Arts and the History of Post-Colonialism”, “Demolition of Nationality”, “Tusaka John: Critik Reader”, “Fire Rat:

Korean Stories of the Japanese Empire” and “What The Doctor Heard: Beginner’s Music of Leopold Muller in 2018 award-winning Bruno Nitl, Meiji Japan

Established by faculty members, who realized the need to provide specialized research on a large scale, CEAS has gained reputation for quality scholarship in many areas in East Asian Studies.

To date, 200 volumes have been published and 20 titles are available digitally from the Cornell University Library.

“This exciting integration will bring publishing experience to our teaching staff and writers in Cornell University Press, and we will give proper recognition to the high quality work of CEAS,” Eber said.

As a reputed academic publisher, Cornell University Press will provide a large platform to the writers of East Asia series and will take their unique scholarship and research from CEAS to interact with many areas and subjects.

CUP Editor Mahindra Kingra said, “This cooperation brings together CEAS’s excellent work in Cornell Publishing with scientific work and poetry and fantasy translation and will create exciting new opportunities for both organizations.” .

Cornell University Press and University of Northern Illinois Press (NIUP) also announced a new associate footprint from July 1.

NIUP joined the East Asian series and established CUP fingerprints such as Industrial Relations and Labor Publications (ILR), Southeast Asian Studies Publishing, Comstock Publishing and Three Hills.

With more than 600 printed titles, NIUP publishes about 20 titles per year in its Slavic, Orthodox and Southeast Asian series, as well as with titles in other subjects.

NIUP will maintain the acquisition editor and college press panel for its title, and CUP will deal with editing, production, design, marketing, distribution and sales.

“This collaboration provides a sustainable model to move forward with the University Press Grant,” said Gerald Bissley, curator of Karl-Aruch University.

“CUP is celebrating its 150th anniversary this year, and through this system will strengthen the position of leadership in the advancement of credible knowledge.”

Two examples of the new cover of the Cornell East Asia series in Cornell University Press Publications

Founded in 1973, the East Asia Program has been a scholarship scholarship for international and famous journalism and has been honored by many writers around the world.

In this title, “Stellous Persons: Chinese Literature of Martial Arts and the History of Post-Colonialism”, “Nationalism of Demolition”, “Toosaka Jun: A Critical Reader”, Korean Stories of Rat Fire.

The Japanese Empire, and “Dr. Leopold Müller’s novel Meiji, the first music in Japan, “Winner of the Bruno Nital Award for the 2018 Association of Ethnic Medicine.

Established by faculty members, who realized the need to provide specialized research on a large scale, CEAS has gained reputation for quality scholarship in many areas in East Asian Studies.

To date, 200 volumes have been published and 20 titles are available digitally from the Cornell University Library.

“This exciting merging will give our teaching staff and writers a publication experience in Cornell University Press and will give proper recognition to the high quality work of CEAS,” said Eber.

As a reputed academic publisher, Cornell University Press will provide a large platform to the writers of East Asia series and will take their unique scholarship and research from CEAS to interact with many areas and subjects.

CUP Editor Mahindra Kingra said, “This cooperation brings together the outstanding work of CEAS of Cornell Publishing with scientific work and poetry and fantasy translation and will create new and exciting opportunities for both organizations.”

Cornell University Press and Northern Illinois University (NIUP) also announced a new associate footprint from July 1. NIUP joined the East Asian series and established Press and Relationship Relations (ILR) press.

The game, Fred finds relationships, is related to ‘Enter Now’

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The game, Fred finds relationships, is related to 'Enter Now'

An unknown fact is that philosopher Martin Heidegger was a fan of European football and praised the famous German German player Franz Beckenbauer, who wrote the newest entry of Grant Fred through his new book Entre Cous: The World Cup and Me Started the exploration. ”

It’s not surprising that Heidegger – “who loved the sport’s aesthetics and artistic beauty,” Fred wrote – played as young people.

as did philosophers Jacques Derrida and Albert Camus. Jean-Paul Sartre once remarked a remarkable comment on this game, and perhaps described it as “an imperfect color commentator,” Fred.

Professor of African Studies at Fred, Arts and Sciences Faculty, two international stars of Barcelona – Lionel Messi, the leader of the national team of Argentina, and striker Luis Suarez, who also play with Uruguay – the theory and separation of relations between the game, Uses for complex experiences of association and association.

To understand the nature of existence in the world, the game offers a unique philosophical approach to insights.

Heidegger died in 1976 and all his love was appreciated for the game, but he was not a witness, the most pure example of “Metstein” (with the other), Fred, one of his signature concepts, keeps.

It happened in one of the Champions League matches of 2017, which took place after Barcelona’s victory over Paris St. Germain to advance to the quarter-finals.

Messi went to the fans and stood on the advertising fence between the field and the domestic crowd, “Welcome to the wide area to embrace and how they love it,” Fred writes.

“Leo Messi was a man who finally got … at home, for the first time in his career.

“Just for a moment, a wonderful, unforgettable moment, the pleasure of being in everything.”

It was a love that could not participate in Argentina, Fred sees.

For those fans, “Barcelona is always Messi’s favorite … it’s Messi according to Hadieger … it’s the place of the heart of Messi and his love … for them, Catalonia and Barcelona, ​​especially theirs and their Is standing in between. ”

Chapter 2 of the book “Enter Now” describes the relationship with Suarez’s Uruguayan coach Oscar Tabrez, from which it shows that the extent of the policy of relationship within the game exists.

The author also shares his changing experiences in the relationship between the stadium – previously playing in South Africa as an amateur team and then in a local league in New Jersey, when he was a student at Princeton University.

She is the author of “Love of Long Distance: A Passion for Football” (2008), a memoir about her lifelong passion with Liverpool Football Club; “What is my name? Intellectual in black languages” (2003) and Culture in Contemporary South Africa “(1999).

Fareed enrolled in Cornell College in 2007 and worked as the Editor-in-Chief of the South Atlantic Quarterly from 2002 to 2010.

Given the difference in development, in which children and the age of race were described, the team found that high use of video games was associated with an increase of 1.75 times in the possibility of high intellectual performance.

The children who played many video games were expected to have 1.88 times more “high school efficiency”.

The effect of video games on children’s social skills is often the cause of concern, but the team has found a connection between high game usage, better peer relations and good social skills.

Catherine M. “The play of video games is often a collaborative activity for school children, and these findings indicate that children who play videos often,” says Chevy, an epidemiologist at Millman School, who works in the study. Can.

” The games are socially knit together with peers and are integrated into the school community. ”

However, he urged not to explain more of his findings, saying that “the limitations of screen usage remain an important component of parental responsibility as a comprehensive strategy for students’ success.”

A paper describing the findings published earlier this month in the Journal of Social Psychiatry and Epidemiology concludes that such mechanisms that stimulate sports through which children should be subjected to further research.